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Anuradhapura PDF Print E-mail
Written by Lanka Nest   
Monday, 10 March 2008

Ruins of Anuradapura
According to the available historical records, Anuradhapura is considered the first capital of Sri Lanka.  When a group of seven hundred Aryans led by Prince Vijaya landed in the island and defeated the native rulers, they established several settlements along Malwatu Oya   and   came to rule over the region with Vijaya as King and Anradhapura as the capital. After this Anuradhapura remained the capital of the island of Sri Lanka for over 1500 years. Anuradhapura, therefore   is,   mainly responsible for the evolution of Sri Lanka’s civilization with a recorded history of over 2,500 years. Of course, it was  Buddhism that nurtured and   fostered this civilization;  all the arts and architecture, language, literature etc  were inspired by  Buddhism and  Buddhism remained as  the central theme.

It is through this inspiration they received from Buddhism and the Buddhist culture that they were able to   build tanks, temples and dagabas and make beautiful works of art. The Tanks and dagabas    remain as  feats of the  engineering    even by modern standards. The  life of the people was based on  the  tank ,  dagaba, and the temple;  this gave rise to  local expression ‘wewai dagabai  gamai,pansalai’- the tank and the dagaba , the village and the temple. Where there was a tank, there was also a dagaba; where there was a village, there was also a temple.  Accordingly the life of a village was woven round the tank, the dagaba and the temple. Similarly , the civilization which developed through Anuradhapura also is woven round the tanks, the dagabas and temples.

Anuradhapura remained the capital of Sri Lanka   from the time of Vijaya up to the 11th century CE. With the growth of powerful empires in South India after the 10th century CE, Anuradhapura was exposed to  frequent South Indian invasions. As the threats from South Indian invasions increased, the capital of Sri Lanka  started  the ‘ drift towards the south ‘ in the 11th century CE.



Last Updated ( Wednesday, 30 April 2008 )
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